nigeria is country with a vast amount of contradictionand complexity. it has giant mega cities and small rural tribes. itâ€™s a land of self-reliance& entrepreneurial spirit, aching to reap the benefits of a modern world, but itâ€™s alsoriddled with inequality, unemployment and terror groups looking to reverse that progress.itâ€™s government is modeled on americaâ€™s federal republic, but itâ€™s 55-year historypost-british colonization is a chaotic mess of coup attempts and groups scrambling togain and hold power. the shape of nigeria today is in large partdetermined by its time as a british colony, its borders a result of lines feverishly drawnon a map when the european powers battled for control of the african continent. theenglish influence is overlaid onto the fractious
tribal history of the land, and this can befelt in nigeria today. english is the official language of the country, for example, butfor many itâ€™s a spotty second language after their regional dialect, of which there areover 500. the rural countryside is plagued with problems. two-thirds of nigerians livein extreme poverty. infrastructure is a mess. though electricity is notoriously spotty innigerian cities, itâ€™s much worse in the rest of the country. itâ€™s not uncommon tohave a total of only 24-hours of working electricity for every one-month period. this is largelydue to the fact that the governmentâ€™s presence in rural areas can be almost nonexistent.indeed, itâ€™s this very absence that allowed for the rise and flourishing of terror groupslike boko haram, who operate with relative
impunity. if youâ€™re a young person in nigeria-- and, statistically, you probably are; the median age is only 18 -- itâ€™s easy to seehow these poor conditions would drive you to nigeriaâ€™s urban centers, looking formore opportunity and a better life. most likely, it would drive you to lagos, the nationâ€™scrown jewel, the 2nd fastest growing city in africa and the 7th in the world. lagosis a microcosm of the economic disparities within the country at large. an oil-boom contributesto upper class wealth and massive urban migration contributes to a growing population of slum-dwellingpoor. the streets are almost always congested thanks to a lack of working traffic lights,and thereâ€™s the incredible site of a large slum, consisting of shacks on stilts, on thelagoon on the southwestern side of the city.
itâ€™s worst problems notwithstanding, thefate of lagos seems to lie with its middle class, an enterprising, fast-growing partof the population, willing to take the resources they have to create a better life. theyâ€™refighting corrupt government officials, slapdash infrastructure and a staggering wealth gap-- but their resolve is steadfast. the working class of nigeria represents the best hopefor a society with real social mobility. to live in nigeria is to live with forces pullingyou in every imaginable direction, and despite them, to forge your own. and if you want toknow what americanâ€™s get wrong about nigeria watch my other video now. thanks for watchingand donâ€™t forget to subscribe